an underwater tunnel should be built to connect the railways in Nanjing
, but his dream was not realized for about 100 years. In 1929, Sun’s casket was transpor
ted to Pukou district along the Tientsin-Pukow Railway before being ferried to downtown Nanjing.
In 1930, John Alexander Low Waddell, a 76-year-old Canadian who was a
traffic consultant to the Chinese government, said the Yangtze in Nanjing was too deep and
was flowing too fast to construct a bridge, according to the Academy of Sociology.
The government launched large-scale investigations in 1936 and 1946 before dropping the pla
n. In 1956, the State Council, China’s Cabinet, proposed constructing the Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge.
To test the bridge’s load-bearing capacity, Xu Shiyou, who comma
nded the Nanjing Military Region, ordered an armored regim
ent to drive 118 amphibious tanks on the newly built structure at 8 am on Sept 25, 1969.
ched for 10 km, making it a memorable scene for a generation.
In October 2016, the bridge was closed for repairs after being open for almost 50 years. The 100,000 vehicles it carried each day far
exceeded its designed capacity of 8,000, causing many cracks to appear in the structure. It has been repaired 12 times since 2002.
Other problems it faced included falling mortar and metal fatigue.
The government decided to spend more than 1.1 billion yuan ($164 million) on the repairs.
The structure’s original concrete deck was replaced by a steel one, which is lighter and h
as greater durability. The replacement work was carried out above the 27,000-volt railway line. Any falling mater
ial, even a screw, would have caused a power failure and disrupted services on the busy Beijing-Shanghai Rail
way. Workers had to erect scaffolding and protective nets when no trains were passing.
The diameter of the lamp bases on the bridge were reduced by 5 ce
ntimeters, making the sidewalk wider and more convenient for pedestrians.
Globalization said about a third of graduate returnees to China with four-year degre
es currently earn less than 6,000 yuan ($893) a month, while 25 percent make between 6,000 and 8,000 yuan.
For students graduating with four-year degrees from China’s top 100 schools, monthly
salaries range between 6,000 and 9,000 yuan, according to a Guangming Daily report.
The salaries awaiting returnees to China are paltry compared with the high cost of overseas stu
dy, which has risen to an average 300,000 yuan per year for tuition, room and board, the CCG report said.
According to the 2018 Report on Chinese Students’ Overseas Study released by New Oriental Vision Overseas Consulting Co an
d Kantar Millward Brown, about 78 percent of Chinese students abroad planned to work in China either right af
ter graduation or after working overseas for a while, compared with 58 percent in 2016.
home soon after graduation totaled 519,400 in 2018, up 8 percent from the previous year, the ministry said.
A total of 5.86 million Chinese studied abroad from 1978 to the end of 2018. More than 4.32 million co
mpleted their studies, and more than 3.65 million returned to China soon after completing their studies, it said.
The return rate soon after graduation was around 80 percent last
year. In 1987, the return rate was about 5 percent, and in 2007 it stood at 30.6 percent.
Ran said more people are returning to China because they are finding it difficult to land job
s overseas, while at the same time the domestic employment market is becoming more appealing.
Chu Zhaohui, a researcher at the National Institute of Education Sciences, said finding a job in Chi
na has not been easy in recent years because of the rising number of students graduating from domestic universities.
More than 3,000 cooperation intentions were reached between Chinese government dep
artments and professional organizations, training agencies and overseas talent at the 17th Conf
erence on International Exchange of Professionals, which wrapped up in Shenzhen on Monday.
Over 1,500 enterprises, including well-known companies like Tencent, Huawei, Pin
gan, Vanke and BYD, presented talent with nearly 40,000 job opportunities at the conference.
The employers received more than 180,000 res
umes from job-seekers. More than 30,000 people reached preliminary agreements on employment.
As a platform on which international professionals and talent gather to exchange
ideas and explore development opportunities, the conference also features international cooperation.
Several high-level entrepreneurial programs, including [email protected] China, and the Ch
ina (Shenzhen) Innovation & Entrepreneurship International Competition, were held during the event.